CITIES2030 Horizon2020-CITIES2030

Why you should compost waste food

The blog is written by Liisa Karlsson in June 2022. It is associated with the Lahti Living Lab Bokashi bio composting experiment and Cities2030 Horizon 2020 project.


The city of Lahti is obligating the properties of five or more dwellings to sort and separate the collection of biowaste by 1 July 2022. Biowaste is then collected by independent companies leading to increased waste expenses for the households. An alternative to a separate collection of biowaste is composting biowaste with a composter which will save money. This obligation comes from a new waste act that entered into force in July 2021(City of Lahti, 2022).

In large quantities, compost can replace the chemical fertilizers and retain soil moisture so you water less. These points can accumulate to big money savings for individual households.

Improve your soil

Instead of paying to take the biodegradable household waste to landfills, it can be used to improve the soil of your land. Compost reduces soil nutrient loss and erosion by returning valuable nutrients to the soil. Thus, helping to maintain soil quality and fertility.

Big picture

Composting your waste will greatly benefit society and reduces your impact. Bio composting saves resources by keeping the valuable compost material out of the landfill, extending its lifespan. Also, less waste needed to be collected and transported will reduce fuel use.

In landfills biomass breaks down without proper access to oxygen, slowing down the composting process and producing methane and carbon dioxide gas. In addition, buried organics can react with metals and plasticizers through water flow in the landfill to produce leachate, a potential source of groundwater pollution.

Replacing chemical fertilizers with compost would lessen the eutrophication of our water bodies caused by the chemical runoff. And in long run leads to reduced social costs of eutrophication.

Household methods of composting

Household biowaste can be composted in a well-ventilated closed composter all year around. Other methods are the Bokashi method and Worm Composter. Although according to the city of Lahti these methods aren’t sufficient on their own but require additional composting with a traditional composter.

This blog is associated with the Lahti Living Lab experiment on Bokashi bio composting. The Lahti Living Lab and the experiment engages new entrants to test and learn about Bokashi bio composting.

The Lahti Living Lab embraces also Lahti region waste management authorities and waste management operator that is Salpakierto Oy. Together they guide bio waste handling in the region. In addition, Esbau who is the retailer of BioProffa equipment contributes to the action together, with other Bokashi experts.

The aim of the experiment is to identify drivers, enablers, and obstacles of household food waste bio composting, and to devise and test improvements, practices, and solutions to promote household bio composting.

The bokashi experiment promotes inhabitants’ carbon handprint, self-sufficiency, and resilience.

CITIES2030 Horizon2020-CITIES2030 Yleinen

Performance Assurance (PA) in the Research and Innovation Action (RIA)

I’m in the process to write my share into the Horizon2020 periodic report. The aim is that we – project consortium partners – look backward and assess what went well and what didn’t go so well. What was the performance and progress in the research and innovation action compared to the grant agreement?

While writing I reflect on good Performance Assurance and Monitoring (PA/PM) practices that are in use in the best organizations e.g. in industrial organizations, public institutions, and companies. How do they assure and monitor their performance?

In Horizon2020 research and innovation projects, the purchaser of the action, i.e. European Commission, defines that the project coordinator’s responsibility is to monitor the project performance and progress.

However, it may happen that EC’s command rules the project practices. The project coordinator puts all efforts into Performance Monitoring (PM), and neglects Performance Assurance (PA). If the project coordinator doesn’t implement Performance Assurance (PA) practices into the project, it gives an unofficial mandate to all partners to comply same questionable example.

The efficient, right directed and timely Performance Assurance (PA) measures are key variables in the project execution, progress, and performance.

Performance Assurance (PA) measures build the conditions that all partners have an opportunity to succeed and carry out good work.

High-class performance in the project regarding quality, delivery, and cost (value v.s. working hours) is a result of the project culture.

A world-class high-performance culture calls for leadership, communication, values, work teams, structures, human capital, performance assurance, and performance monitoring.


Lean-Agile Research Project Management

What does a balance between transparency and privacy mean to performance and progress in the research project environment?

Does enhanced transparency cause a burden for researchers or project leaders?

Does increasing privacy lead to self-managing teams?  

PoliRural Yleinen

Algorithm for Häme Rural Development

Häme’s (FI) rural areas development is now converted into an algorithm that runs multiple input and output variables.  

An open-source application provides a simulation tool and playground for Häme regional policymakers and authorities to foresight the rural long-term future until 2040.

The System Dynamics Modelling application is the result of PoliRural project efforts.

CITIES2030 Horizon2020-CITIES2030

Change factors of the City Region Food System

The correlation matrix maps and prioritizes change factors of the City Region Food System. 

The conclusion is that the food system transformation calls multiple stakeholders into action. Also, the municipality’s role as a policy and strategy maker is crucial. 

The matrix is a summary of brainstorming sessions arranged in Finland with food system innovators and developers. The organizers represent two Horizon2020 projects: Fusilli and CITIES2030


The renaissance of cities’ food market halls

Finland lives a renaissance of food halls, at least if the example from Joensuu, Turku, and Seinäjoki mirror a general development.

Food halls are a visible and important element of the City Region Food System (CRFS). They support local food producers and promote a short supply chain.

City policymakers and local authorities have a key role in the management and development of food halls. They decide if the tradition of the food hall will continue in the city.

The city of Joensuu has approved that a new food hall can be constructed in the center of the city, by the marketplace. Construction work on the hall could begin as early as next fall.

The plan for Joensuu’s new food market

The city of Turku renews the entire market hall block. Turku’s food hall which was opened in 1896 will be the center of the renewed block.

Turku market hall

Arctic Food Market won an architect competition launched by the City of Seinäjoki. . The old locomotive garage in Seinäjoki got a new shape and function in the hands of architecture students.

In Finland, there are 15 food halls. Joensuu’s new market hall will be number 16. Source: WIKIPEDIA

CITIES2030 Horizon2020-CITIES2030 Yleinen

City of Lahti – a potential follower of CITIES2030?

This is my home city – Lahti. It is located in southern Finland in the province of Päijät-Häme. Lahti is the biggest city in the province.

Looking down to centre of Lahti from the top of the ski jump concrete hill. Author=Pasixxxx |Date=2009-07-26 |This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

12 front-runner cities and regions

10 cities and 2 regions are currently engaged in the CITIES2030. The project incorporates diverse cities and regions as stated in the below table. These 10 cities and 2 regions are called front-runners.

10 cities and 2 regions GeographyDemography*)
Bremerhaven (DE), flat, temperate oceanic 1.200
Bruges (BE), flat, temperate oceanic 850
Haarlem (NL), flat, temperate oceanic 5.461
Iaşi (RO), uplands, humid continental 3.092
Quart de Poblet (ES), flat, Mediterranean,dry/hot summer 1.300
Murska Sobota (SI), flat, temperate oceanic 806
Seinäjoki (FI), flat, subarctic 44,26
Troodos (CY), mountainous, Mediterranean, hot semi-aridN/ap
Velika Gorica (HR), flat, temperate oceanic 190
Vejle (DK), flat, temperate oceanic 400
Vicenza (IT), flat, humid subtropical 1.400
Vidzeme region (LV), highlands, humid continental N/ap
* Density Number of inhabitants per km2. Source: CITIES2030

38 follower cities and regions

Cities2030’s aim is to engage a total of 50 cities by the end of the project covering a spanning diversity of scales, climates, and terrains, from continental to coastal settings. At the end of the day, Cities2030 will engage 12 front-runners and 38 followers.

Lahti locates in the province of Päijät-Häme being the biggest city in the province. The three strategic RDI target fields in the Päijät-Häme province are sports, food & drinks, and the manufacturing industry. The RDI strategy is updated in November 2021 (link)

The province’s and accordingly Lahti’s strategic orientation to focus RDI efforts too on food & drinks sounds like a good idea from Cities2030 perspective. S&L will be following the next acts in Päijät-Häme province and in Lahti waiting for an opportunity to initiate cooperation between the city of Lahti and Cities2030.

CITIES2030 Yleinen

Extended Innovation Pattern (EIP)

We, in the CITIES2030 project, have a hypothesis: 12+ pilots carry out an Extended Innovation Pattern (EIP) to deliver innovations to capitalize, best practices to share, and improvements to enhance processes. The innovation environment is built upon a multi-actor approach and open innovation. CITIES2030 project contributes to the transformation of Urban Food Systems. 

The platform to generate innovations, novel practices, and process innovations is Living Lab. Each of the 12 cities i.e. 12 pilots establishes a Living Lab that engages and activates regional and local multiple stakeholders to assess, study, develop and innovate new attributes on CITY REGION FOOD SYSTEM (CRFS). The aim is to foster the Urban Food System transition towards 2030.

Eventually, by the end of the project, CITIES2030 has engaged 50 cities all over Europe. These multiplier’ cities follow and learn from the pilot cities’ achievements, and initiate their own transition pathways towards 2030.

The description of the implementation of Extended Innovation Pattern is in the technical report D5.2 CRFS Living Lab facilitators, and guidelines for development and innovations.

Transition needs system innovations among other things, hence we delivered a technical report at WP3 – D3.3 Systems Thinking Methodology.

PoliRural Yleinen

The observations and insights of PoliRural project – Grass roots needs analysis

The survey was developed in parallel in all the PoliRural 12 regional pilots during the same period, beginning on Feb 10th and ending on March 9 th 2020. In Häme the survey gathered the interest of a total of 90.  The below conclusion is copied directly from the deliverable D4.2 and it reflects all 12 pilots.   


The differences among the European territories and population with regard to geographic, cultural, language and other factors, do not mean to be a weakness and could be identified as a strength due to the commonalities that arise from the detail study on the needs and factors of attractiveness for the rural areas.

However, there is a need to create the conditions to improve the attractiveness of rural areas connected to the development of a framework for coordinated program and activities towards different economic sectors in rural areas, which express the need to build the different policies based upon the coherence and strategic planning, of policies, measures and activities with a holistic view.

More than 80 needs where identified in this exercise, however, it was possible to reach to a common understanding of the most important needs with a total number of 32 needs finally assessed that have allowed to develop cluster maps per each of the 7 pillars and needs, integrated into 4 different categories: Quality of life; Social capital; Cultural appeal; and Natural capital (see below image).

Note: The light blue text in the mind-map means that this need is also identified in Häme region.

The digitisation process of the society and the economy is well connected to the factors of attractiveness of rural areas. At this regard there is common concern on the need to have a good internet connectivity (broadband) in the whole territory, which is a framework condition for the further development of other digital services.

The sustainability and environmental aspects are strongly considered as factors of attractiveness of rural areas. All the regions highlighted the importance of these aspects in relation to different categories for the attractiveness: social capital, cultural appeal and natural capital.

One of the most relevant factors, is the one related to the need of finding more employment possibilities to reduce the dependency ratio and improve the conditions to attract new entrants, with a special view to women and youth. Gender equality and the participation of women and youth in business and in the society, is also relevant to consider future actions oriented to rural areas.

Finally, the mobility rural-urban and the provision of public services (medical, educational and dependents care) are very relevant needs identified and prioritized through the exercise. These are considered of importance to improve the quality of life, avoid the abandonment of rural areas and attract new entrants.

COVID-19 has also affected the need to support of tele-working opportunities prioritized by only two regions. It is supposed how tele-working will have a stronger view for the future development of opportunities in the rural areas that cannot be neglected. Another effect is the one related to e-health, e-learning and other digital services, like e-commerce, that will allow to enhance the capacity to develop the factors of attractiveness of rural areas in the future.


D4.2 Grassroot Needs & Factors of Rural Attractiveness,,

PoliRural Yleinen

The observations and insights of PoliRural project – Häme region System Dynamics Modeling and drivers analysis

PoliRural’s twelve (12) pilot teams have familiarized themselves with the system modelling process through four phases. The four phases are the

  • Drivers Analysis for 12 local pilots
  • Building the Matrix KPI – DRIVERS
  • The High-Level Model
  • System Dynamics Experts’ Layer

As described by Dr Patrick Crehan (CKA) in the internal working document for PoliRural’s twelve (12) pilots:

“DRIVERS ANALYSIS is a process whereby you obtain an overview of the factors that are driving change in your region, with a view to understanding the challenges faced and how they are likely to evolve in the coming years.”

PoliRural’s 12 pilots’ Drivers Analysis built-up information and insights that made it possible for System Dynamics Modelling experts to identify rural attractiveness main dynamics and the related Key Performance Indicators (KPI). The second phase of the system modelling, which is “Building the Matrix KPI – DRIVERS”, was completed.



D5.2 Polirural Model (ed.2)

A STEEPV – Inventory of Drivers of Change

PoliRural reports